Palestine

Collection: Osher Sheet Map Collection

Title: Palestine

Barcode: 233

Creator: Brandis*, Lucas

Publisher: Brandis*, Lucas

Publishing Location: Lübeck

Region Depicted: Palestine

Date Produced: 1475

Date Published: 1475

Language: Latin

Historical Context: This 1475 map of the Holy Land is regarded as the first modern printed map because it is not derived from a classical source (Ptolemy), nor is it in the circular schematic format characteristic of medieval maps. However, it retains two attributes of earlier maps: it is “oriented” with east at the top, and Jerusalem is at the center. The geographic information is largely taken from a now lost manuscript map made two centuries earlier by a Dominican pilgrim, Burchard of Mt. Sion. In this bird’s-eye view, topographic features are portrayed with reasonable accuracy, and cities and regions are depicted as stylized hills. Jerusalem is dominant, represented as a circular walled city overlooked by the Mount of Olives, with Bethlehem nearby on the right. Egypt and Gaza are in the lower right corner; the port of Jaffa is at the bottom center; the walled city of Acre (“Accon”) is to the left of Jerusalem; and Damascus is at the upper left border. Crudely illustrated Biblical scenes include Egyptians drowning in the Red Sea (lower right), Moses receiving the Tablets of the Law on Mount Sinai (upper right corner), spires of the submerged cities of Sodom and Gomorrah protruding from the Dead Sea (upper right), the Baptism of Jesus (upper center), and the Crucifixion (below Jerusalem). Compass directions are indicated by eight “wind-blowers” at the edges of the map.

Subjects: Palestine · Holy Land · Bible stories · Early maps

Map Type: Geographical

Dimensions: 39.2 X 57.7 cm.

Printing Process: Relief

Printing Technique: Wood , Letterpress

Material Type: Paper

Notes: Verso text in Latin. Title supplied by cataloger. From Rudimentum Novitiorum (1475)

Brief Description: Map of Palestine oriented with East at the top of the page, and featuring the walled city of Jerusalem in the center and illustrations of biblical scenes

Physical Description: Hand-applied full color

Theme: The Holy Land

Associated Map Imagery: Palestine (Map Imagery)

Collection/Donor: Osher

Permanent URL: http://www.oshermaps.org/map/233.0001