Cutaway longitudinal plans give the viewer a sense of a ship’s internal arrangements from a perspective different from that of an overhead plan view. A common reference tool for naval architects, they were adopted for promotional use by adding color and figures to spaces other-wise identifiable only by name. These plans also opened a window on parts of the ship general-ly not visited by passengers, like the galleys and food storage rooms, engine rooms, crew ac-commodations, and cargo spaces.

In the plans for the Aquitania [59], Normandie [60] and Belgenland [62]—all distinguished in transatlantic service—we see passengers involved in activities from eating and dancing to fencing. The rendering of the smaller Jadotville [61], built for service to the Belgian Congo (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo), shows much the same—but look for the crew’s showers.

59. Cunard Line

Aquitania (1914-50).
Longitudinal plan, n.d. 23.5 × 124 cm.
Cunard’s promotional literature referred to the Aquitania as the “Aristocrat of the Seas,” “Wonder Ship of the Atlantic,” and “Wonder Ship of the World.”
Morse Collection, 2877

60. French Line

Normandie (1935-40).
Longitudinal plan, n.d.
31 × 129 cm.
Morse Collection, 1046 [Morse 2876 was used in the exhibition]

61. Compagnie Maritime Belge

S.S. Jadotville (1956-61)
Paquebot de 19,250 T. de Deplacement.
Longitudinal plan, n.d. 30 × 118 cm.
Morse Collection, 2170.

62. Red Star Line

S.S. Belgenland (1923-35).
Longitudinal plan, n.d. 23.5 × 98.5 cm.
Morse Collection, 1435