A Map of the most Inhabited part of New England
First published in 1755, this British map is the second of six editions. Mapmakers for the rest of the 18th Century used John Green’s map as a model for New England. In the climactic years preceding the Revolutionary War, the French recognized the Patriots as their allies and seized the opportunity to impose on British land. Green’s map represented and affirmed British claims in New England. Earl Hugh Percy, a prominent British general during the American Revolution, used this map for military planning. It is not detailed or large enough to have been used for precise tactics. Instead, Percy used it to visualize a more comprehensive military strategy. The careful annotations in red pencil and ink date between 1774, when Percy arrived in Boston, and March 17th, 1776, when the British evacuated the city (although it was not necessarily Percy who made the annotations). Because the map is missing several roads, Percy used a guide to create alternative routes. However, his plans were never used, and the British commanders “sat behind their fortifications, protected by their ships’ guns, for nine months after Bunker Hill before finally evacuating the city.” The British had failed to execute Percy’s extensive plan, and their humiliating defeat forced them to march back to Boston. By 1870, the British had thoroughly learned that they were vulnerable away from naval support.
John Green and Thomas Jefferys, London, 1755-1768
Map of the Progress of His Majesty's Armies in New York
The London Gazette was one of the most popular sources of information for the English public. But it was also widely distributed in America and informed both sides of the latest developments. Intended to present the “progress” of the British army, this map shows General Howe’s landing, the battle at Flatland on Long Island, the fleet invasion of New York City, the battle at White Plains and the “retreat of the rebels.”
The London Gazette, Hand-colored Copper Engraving, London, 1776