Jerusalem dominated medieval world maps, particularly after the conclusion of the Crusades. It was considered both the spiritual and geographic center of the world. It wasn’t until the discoveries of the Renaissance that cartographers discarded the idea for good.
Die gantze Welt in ein Kleberblat Welches in der Stadt Hannover meines lieben Vaterlandes Wapen
This biblical map shoes Jerusalem at the center of the three known continents. A combination of both mythology and cartographic knowledge, this epitomizes Christian maps of the Middle Ages.
Heinrich Buenting, Magdeburg,1581